Houses in Multiple Occupation

What is a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO)?

Your home is a house in multiple occupation (HMO) if both of the following apply:

  • at least 3 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • you share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants

Your home is a large HMO if all of the following apply:

  • it’s at least 3 storeys high
  • at least 5 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • you share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants

A household is either a single person or members of the same family who live together. A family includes people who are:

  • married or living together - including people in same-sex relationships
  • relatives or half-relatives, eg grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings
  • step-parents and step-children

Landlord Resposibility

The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006 applies to ALL HMO's and places duties on the landlord to provide additional fire safety provisions and to maintain common parts, fixtures, fittings and appliances. Properties also have to be free from hazards in accordance with the Housing Health and Safety Scheme (HHSRS). You can find more information on HHSRS in this leaflet HHSRS Booklet

What is a licensable HMO?

Some types of HMO, because of their size, are classed as having increased safety risks and must be licensed by the local authority. 

Your property is a licensable HMO if all of the following apply:

  • it’s at least 3 storeys high
  • at least 5 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • Tenants share facilities such as a toilet, bathroom or kitchen.

As well as being licensed and complying with the management regulations, licensable HMO’s must also comply with the Council’s amenity standards which places minimum restrictions on room sizes and numbers of amenity provisions. You should contact the Council if you are a landlord or a tenant of a large HMO and you do not think it is licensed

If you think your property needs to be licensed please complete the attached pdfHMO application form and pdfAssociated guidance notes

Register of Licensed HMOs

The council has a duty under the Housing Act 2004 to maintain a public register of all HMO Licences; this can be viewed at Richmondshire District Council, Mercury House, Station Road, Richmond, North Yorkshire, DL10 4JX

Further guidance on HMO Standards can be obtained via the following links:

Or you can contact Environmental Health on Tel 01748 829100 or e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Contact Us

Richmondshire District Council
Mercury House
Station Road
Richmond
North Yorkshire
DL10 4JX

Phone: 01748 829100
Fax: 01748 826186
E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.